The history of Aluminij d.d. Mostar starts with the first years of the 20th century, with the discovery of bauxite ore deposits in Herzegovina and its exploitation. A company called Bauxite Mines Mostar was organized in 1945 with the aim to explore, exploit and transport bauxite. The first construction studies for an aluminium smelter were made within this company. A company The Bauxite Mines Mostar got merged with a company Energoinvest Sarajevo in 1969, and this newly established company was given a task by the Republic Government to start and develop aluminium production. Regular production started in 1975 in the new Alumina Factory, based on cooperation between the local company Energoinvest and the French company Pechiney.
A new company called Aluminij Mostar was established in 1977 by merging Alumina Factory and Bauxite Mines. Aluminium Factory also became an integral part of it after the regular aluminium production start in 1981. The period between 1981 and 1990 was characterized by numerous political decisions which reflected economy, so Aluminij was renamed several times as well as its organizational structures and finally in 1990 it was separated from Energoinvest and it had been given a well recognizable name Aluminij Mostar. Ever since then this company has become the bearer of aluminum production in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and it has also been the backbone of life in the Herzegovina, Bosnia and, partly, Dalmatian Region.
This company has grown up in an economical giant, but horrifying events and unfair irony of destiny caused that Aluminij had disappeared in the flames of the Homeland War. The company was not spared from the war destructions as well. During their attack on Mostar, the Serbo-Montenegrin aggressor also destroyed almost all vital facilities in Aluminij. Herzeg-Bosnian Croatian Council of Defence liberated Aluminij on June 12th 1992. Aluminij was lying under the ruins and ashes. The war damage was estimated at more than 140 million euro.
Aluminij was surrounded by the apathy of the war's wretchedness. In the darkness of 1992, the once busy production facilities and premises were filled with ominous silence, occasionally interrupted by the sounds of the rain pouring through the holes and cracks in the roofs of the robbed smelter. And then, Aluminij has risen!
After the end of the War, those Aluminij employees who had decided to stay with their company even during a whirlwind of destructions, did everything in order to save, what had been left, from further destructions, which required superhuman efforts. After hard work on the facilities reconstruction and thanks to the initiative fund of 9 million UD dollars from the Republic of Croatia, Anode Plant was placed into operation on the historical date - March 15th 1997. Later, on March 14th 1997, after a fiveyear standstill, a first electrolytic cell was restarted in Electrolysis Plant. During September and October of the very same year, 64 electrolytic cells were put into operation, by the end of May 1998 the first half of electrolytic cells capacity was operating and the full capacity of 256 electrolytic cells was reached November of 1999.
Besides the reconstructed facilities, buildings and machinery, the most recognizable symbol of Aluminij, and its rise is the water tower which stands upright again with its slender outline, like a guardian of the entire smelter who never sleeps, but watches over and admonishes - It is here to remain!
More photos available at the following link.